Zoysiagrass “A Choice for Your Lawn”

Published: Thursday, July 10, 2014 at 11:24 AM.

Zoysiagrass were introduced into the United States from Asia and provide attractive turf throughout much of the United States. In recent years, dramatic improvements in Zoysiagrass have been made by turf grass breeders. These improvements include insect resistance, accelerated establishment, and overall performance.

Zoysiagrasses are sod-farming perennial species that possess both stolons and rhizomes. The grasses turn brown after the first hard frost and are among the first warm season grasses to green up in the spring. The species vary from extremely fine textured to course textured types and the leaf blades are very stiff due to high silica content.

A highly versatile species, zoysiagrasses are more ideal lawn grasses in some situations and can be used on golf courses, parks and athletics fields. They can be grown in all kinds of soil ranging from sands to clays and both acid and alkaline in reaction.

In the southern U.S. the zoysiagrasses grow well in moderately shaded locations.

Zoysiagrass is extremely drought tolerant. Although it does turn straw colored under severe drought conditions, it has the capacity to respond to subsequent irrigation or rainfall. Its water requirements similar to those of Bermuda grass. The leaf blades of Zoyiagrass are among the first to roll under drought conditions, Thus it tends to conserve moisture more effectively than other species. Zoysiagrass also has a deep root system allowing it to more effectively extract water from greater soil depths.

Zoysiagrass is nearly as salt tolerant as Bermuda grass. It is widely grown along sandy seashores where drainage is adequate. Zoysiagrass does not tolerate poorly drained soils whether they are saline or otherwise.

Zoysiagrasses are among the most wear tolerant turfgrasses. However, their slow rate of growth gives them very poor recuperative potential. Therefore, they perform satisfactorily on lawns, golf courses fairways and baseball fields. But, they are not recommended for football or soccer fields where traffic is concentrated in certain areas of the field. If the grass is completed worn in those areas, Zoysiagrass is very slow to fill in the damage areas.

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